15 Famous Greek Mathematicians and Their ContributionsIt is a collection of definitions, postulates, propositions theorems and constructions , and mathematical proofs of the propositions. The books cover plane and solid Euclidean geometry , elementary number theory , and incommensurable lines. Elements is the oldest extant large-scale deductive treatment of mathematics. It has proven instrumental in the development of logic and modern science , and its logical rigor was not surpassed until the 19th century. Euclid's Elements has been referred to as the most successful [a] [b] and influential [c] textbook ever written. It was one of the very earliest mathematical works to be printed after the invention of the printing press and has been estimated to be second only to the Bible in the number of editions published since the first printing in ,  with the number reaching well over one thousand. Not until the 20th century, by which time its content was universally taught through other school textbooks, did it cease to be considered something all educated people had read.
Euclid's Elements - Arithmetic and Geometry Math Foundations 19 - N J Wildberger
Euclid enters history as one of the greatest of all mathematicians and he is often referred to as the father of geometry. The standard geometry most of us learned in school is called Euclidian Geometry. Euclid gathered up all of the knowledge developed in Greek mathematics at that time and created his great work, a book called 'The Elements' c BCE. This treatise is unequaled in the history of science and could safely lay claim to being the most influential non-religious book of all time. Euclid probably attended Plato's academy in Athens before moving to Alexandria, in Egypt. At this time, the city had a huge library and the ready availability of papyrus made it the center for books, the major reasons why great minds such as Heron of Alexandria and Euclid based themselves there.
Although Euclid is a famous mathematician, very little is known about his life. It is believed that he was a student of Plato. Euclid was born around B. Euclid's most famous work is his collection of 13 books, dealing with geometry, called The Elements. They are said to be " the most studied books apart from the Bible". Books deal with plane geometry, Books deal with number theory, Book 10 deals with Eudoxus's theory of irrational numbers, and Books deal with solid geometry. This set of books is remarkably clear and easy to understand.
Geometry can conceivably lay claim to being the oldest branch of mathematics outside arithmetic, and humanity has probably used geometrical techniques since before the dawn of recorded history. Initially, as with the Egyptians, geometry originated from practical necessity and the need to measure land; the word 'Geometry' means 'Earth Measuring'. Certainly, for measuring boundaries and for erecting buildings, humans need to have some inbuilt mechanism and instinct for judging distances, angles, and height.
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Infinity in Greek mathematics - Math History - NJ Wildberger
The word Greek comes across our educational years time and time again. In history we read about them in Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman Empire, in religion we read about the legendary Greek Gods, in language we read about their symbolism and literature. The Ancient Greeks are famously known for their history, literature, arts, science, philosophy and religion. However there is one field the Greeks have mastered in, mathematics that we do not appreciate as much as we should be. Therefore this article summarizes the greatest personalities in the ancient Greek history.