Cognitive Restructuring - Clark - - Major Reference Works - Wiley Online LibraryCognitive therapy: foundations, conceptual models, applications and research. OBJECTIVE: There is growing interest in the cognitive model of psychotherapy stimulated by an extensive body of research findings demonstrating its effectiveness for a varied set of psychiatric disorders and medical conditions. This review article aims to give an overview of the historical and philosophical background to contemporary cognitive and cognitive-behavioral approaches to psychotherapy, pointing out similarities across and differences between them. A presentation of the cognitive model as designed by Aaron Beck, and some of the cognitive and behavioral techniques used in emotional disorders will be discussed. Outcome studies and meta-analyses contemplating the efficacy of cognitive and cognitive-behavioral therapies in various psychological and medical conditions will be briefly depicted. METHOD: Through review of articles and textbooks, especially the works of Aaron Beck from which this review article has heavily borrowed, the origins and foundations of the cognitive-behavioral approaches to the treatment of psychiatric and medical conditions are described. Through Medline, the search of randomized controlled trials and meta-analyses has pointed out the evidence-based efficacy of this psychotherapeutic approach.
Aaron T. Beck
Contemporary Psychological Approaches to Depression pp Cite as. The last two decades have witnessed a resurgence in theory, research, and practice focused on the cognitive concomitants of psychopathology Mahoney, Consequently, a growing number of investigators are examining cognitive dysfunction in psychological disorders. In addition, a variety of cognitive and cognitive-behavioral CB interventions have been developed for treating psychopathological states. Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
Language: English Spanish French. A large amount of research has accumulated on the efficacy and effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral therapy CBT for anxiety disorders including posttraumatic stress disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, panic disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, social anxiety disorder, and specific phobia. The purpose of the current article is to provide an overview of two of the most commonly used CBT methods used to treat anxiety disorders exposure and cognitive therapy and to summarize and discuss the current empirical research regarding the usefulness of these techniques for each anxiety disorder. Additionally, we discuss the difficulties that arise when comparing active CBT treatments, and we suggest directions for future research. Overall, CBT appears to be both efficacious and effective in the treatment of anxiety disorders, but dismantling studies are needed to determine which specific treatment components lead to beneficial outcomes and which patients are most likely to benefit from these treatment components.
Beck also developed self-report measures of depression and anxiety , notably the Beck Depression Inventory BDI which became one of the most widely used instruments for measuring depression severity. Beck is noted for his research in psychotherapy , psychopathology , suicide , and psychometrics. He has published more than professional journal articles, and authored or co-authored 25 books. His work at the University of Pennsylvania inspired Martin Seligman to refine his own cognitive techniques and later work on learned helplessness. Beck , set up in