Dr. H. Russell BernardDiscover Search Record 4 of 44 for author: Bernard, H. Russell Harvey Russell Help. Research methods in anthropology : qualitative and quantitative approaches Author. Bernard, H. Russell Harvey Russell [author]. Sixth edition. Physical description.
Fieldwork Tradition in Anthropology
Cultural Anthropology/Anthropological Methods
Text Analysis. Qualitative Data, Quantitative Analysis Finding Themes in Text. Languages in Contact: Implications for Literacy. Scientists and Policy Makers Technology and Social Change Theory
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Volume 6 , No. Abstract : Observation, particularly participant observation, has been used in a variety of disciplines as a tool for collecting data about people, processes, and cultures in qualitative research. This paper provides a look at various definitions of participant observation, the history of its use, the purposes for which it is used, the stances of the observer, and when, what, and how to observe. Information on keeping field notes and writing them up is also discussed, along with some exercises for teaching observation techniques to researchers-in-training. Key words : participant observation, qualitative research methods, field notes. The History of Participant Observation as a Method. Advantages and Disadvantages of Using Participant Observation.
Cultural interactions result in both progressive and aggressive interactions due to the evolution of those cultures being uninfluenced by one another. What may be considered good etiquette in one culture may be considered an offensive gesture in another. As this occurs constantly, cultures push each other to change. The biological variations between humans are summarized in the ideas of natural selection and evolution. Human variation is based on the principle that there is variation in traits that result for recombination of genes from sexual reproduction. These traits are variable and can be passed down generation to generation. It also relies on differential reproduction, the idea that the environment can't support unlimited population growth because not all individuals get to reproduce to their full potential.