Jean Piaget - WikipediaUse the link below to share a full-text version of this article with your friends and colleagues. Learn more. Volume 3 , Issue 2. The full text of this article hosted at iucr. If you do not receive an email within 10 minutes, your email address may not be registered, and you may need to create a new Wiley Online Library account. If the address matches an existing account you will receive an email with instructions to retrieve your username. Psychology in the Schools Volume 3, Issue 2.
Play, Dreams and Imitation in Childhood
Deferred imitation and object permanence OP were tested in 48 young children with Down syndrome DS , ranging from 20 to 43 months of age. The results of the current study demonstrate deferred imitation in young children with DS, showing they can learn novel behaviors from observation and retain multiple models in memory. This is the first demonstration of deferred imitation in young children with DS. The average OP level passed in this sample was A-not-B, a task passed at 8—12 months of age in normally developing infants. Analyses showed that individual children who failed high-level OP invisible displacements could still perform deferred imitation.
Studies indicate that infants in our culture are exposed to significant amounts of TV, often as a baby-sitting strategy by busy caretakers. The question arises whether TV viewing merely presents infants with a salient collection of moving patterns or whether they will readily pick up information depicted in this 2-D representation and incorporate it into their own behavior. One way to explore this question is to present a model via television for infants to imitate. In deferred imitation, infants were exposed to a TV depiction of an adult manipulating a novel toy in a particular way but were not presented with the real toy until the next day. The results showed significant imitation at both ages, and furthermore showed that even the youngest group imitated after the hour delay. The finding of deferred imitation of TV models has social and policy implications, because it suggests that TV viewing in the home could potentially affect infant behavior and development more than heretofore contemplated.
Piaget's theory of cognitive development explains how a child constructs a mental model of the world. He disagreed with the idea that intelligence was a fixed trait, and regarded cognitive development as a process which occurs due to biological maturation and interaction with the environment. Piaget was employed at the Binet Institute in the s, where his job was to develop French versions of questions on English intelligence tests. He became intrigued with the reasons children gave for their wrong answers to the questions that required logical thinking. He believed that these incorrect answers revealed important differences between the thinking of adults and children.
Socially Intelligent Agents pp Cite as. What if we were to have a robot we could play with? What if we could through play and daily interactions, as we do with our children, be a m odel for it and teach it what? This chapter describes the Robota dolls, a family of small humanoid robots, which can interact with the user in many ways, imitating gestures, learning how to dance and learning how to speak. Unable to display preview.